Synthroid is typically used as an alternative to substances that are normally naturally occurring within the body. The main ingredient in Synthroid is levothyroxine sodium. Synthroid is meant to be taken orally in tablet form.
How It Works
The thyroid gland in the body is known for producing a particular hormone thyroxine, which is more commonly known as T4. The Synthroid tablets contain a substance that is essentially synthetic T4. Although it is not produced in the body, it is identical to thyroxine in every way. Therefore, it can be used as a substitute for this hormone in people.
Synthroid is given to individuals who are suffering from a medical issue that is known as hypothyroidism. This is when the thyroid is incapable of producing the amount of thyroxine that the body requires. When this occurs, Synthroid can be given instead. As the main ingredient has a similar composition to the real hormone, the appropriate response is activated in the body. This helps to maintain the balance of the hormone in the system.
Synthroid is a treatment that must be suggested by a trained medical professional. It is also this individual who will determine how much of Synthroid that you will need to take in order for the medication to be effective. To ensure that you minimize the risk of an adverse response, you should not deviate from the prescribed quantity.
Synthroid should be taken just once a day, about half an hour before the first meal of the day is eaten. Synthroid should be consumed at least four hours before any other treatments that may affect the absorption of Synthroid.
For individuals below the age of 50, the most common dose is 1.7mcg per kilo of weight each day. It is rare for someone to be prescribed more than 200mcg each day.
For those who may be older than 50, the quantity required may be between 25 and 50mcg a day. In the case of cardiac disease, this may be reduced to just 12.5 to 25mcg a day.
Depending on the patient as well as the quantity, there may be a chance that some people will experience certain unexpected effects after taking Synthroid. These may include:
Discomfort in the stomach
Changes in desire for food
Changes in mental and emotional wellbeing
Loss of hair
Fluctuations in weight
Weakness in body
Should any of these symptoms arise, it is important that you contact a physician as soon as possible.
Sometimes, certain individuals may be unable to take Synthroid. It is important to tell your physician if you have any of the following:
Thyrotoxicosis – a preexisting thyroid condition
Any type of heart or coronary problem
Issues related to your bones or your bone density
Conditions pertaining your pituitary gland
Disorders of the adrenal gland
If you are pregnant or have recently discovered that you are pregnant, you should not stop taking Synthroid. You should first speak with your physician before making any changes to your dose. It has been discovered that low thyroid hormone levels may prove to be dangerous for both the mother as well as the unborn baby.
Synthroid may pass through breast milk so you should inform a physician before beginning to breastfeed.